亞歷山大·漢密爾頓

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亞歷山大·漢密爾頓

亞歷山大·漢密爾頓Alexander Hamilton,1757年1月11日-1804年7月12日),是美國憲法的起草者之一,美國金融體系的創始人,聯邦黨的創立者,美國海岸警衛隊之父和《紐約郵報》的創始人。

語錄[编辑]

  • 大不列顛的憲法被恰當地稱為有限君主制,民眾保留了自己在立法機關中的席位,作為對君主權威的制衡,以防止其淪為專制和暴政。
原文:The constitution of Great Britain is very properly called a limited monarchy, the people having reserved to themselves a share in the legislature, as a check upon the regal authority, to prevent its degenerating into despotism and tyranny.
  • 若我們以通常的方式解決,我將下定決心,希望上帝給我機會,保留並使我的第一次開火偏離,而我甚至還想留下第二發子彈。
原文:I have resolved, if our interview is conducted in the usual manner, and it pleases God to give me the opportunity, to reserve and throw away my first fire, and I have thoughts even of reserving my second fire.
  • 在一部有限的憲法中,司法的完全獨立是至關重要的。
原文:The complete independence of the Courts of justice is peculiarly essential in a limited Constitution.

論政府[编辑]

  • 公正建立的所有公民政府的起源必須是治理者與同意政治治理者間的自願契約;並且必須受到限制,以保障後者的絕對權利;
原文:The origin of all civil government, justly established, must be a voluntary compact, between the rulers and the ruled; and must be liable to such limitations, as are necessary for the security of the absolute rights of the latter;
  • 在人性的一般過程中,掌控一個人生存的力量等於掌控其意志的力量。(在別處,漢密爾頓也提及了使總統擁有獨立而適當的財政權力的必要)
原文:In the general course of human nature, a power over a man's subsistence amounts to a power over his will.
  • 我們必須充分利用那些無法避免的弊端。
原文:We must make the best of those ills which cannot be avoided.

關於漢密爾頓的名言[编辑]

  • 當美國不再記住他的偉大時,美國將不再偉大。--柯立芝(Calvin Coolidge)
原文:When America ceases to remember his greatness, America will no longer be great.
  • 漢密爾頓根據了大不列顛憲法的優點,亞當斯先生認為,如果糾正其中的某些缺陷和弊端,那將是有史以來最完美的政府憲法。
原文:And Colonel Hamilton, on the merits of the British Constitution, Mr. Adams giving it as his opinion, that, if some of its defects and abuses were corrected, it would be the most perfect constitution of government ever devised.

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