约翰·梅纳德·凯恩斯

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约翰·梅纳德·凯恩斯John Maynard Keynes, 1883年6月5日—1946年4月21日),英国经济学家。

语录[编辑]

  • 但“长远”会误导当前事件,因为长远来说,我们都会死。
原文:But this long run is a misleading guide to current affairs. In the long run we are all dead. ( A Tract on Monetary Reform (1923), Ch. 3, p. 80)
  • 在亚当·斯密,李嘉图或马尔萨斯的作品中找不到“放任自由”一词。在所有这些作者中,甚至都没有以教条式的形式提出这个想法。当然,亚当·斯密是自由贸易商人,并且是18世纪许多贸易限制措施的反对者。但是他对《航行法》和高利贷法律的态度表明他不是教条者。(《放任自由的终结》,1926年)
原文:The phrase laissez-faire is not to be found in the works of Adam Smith, of Ricardo, or of Malthus. Even the idea is not present in a dogmatic form in any of these authors. Adam Smith, of course, was a Free Trader and an opponent of many eighteenth-century restrictions on trade. But his attitude towards the Navigation Acts and the usury laws shows that he was not dogmatic.
  • 如果经济学家能够使自己被认为是谦逊的,能干的,与牙医水平相当的人,这是好的。(1930年)
原文:If economists could manage to get themselves thought of as humble, competent people on a level with dentists, that would be splendid.
  • 所有政党都起源于过去的思想,而不是新思想。
  • 马氏社会主义始终对观念史学家有意义——一种如此不合逻辑,如此呆板的教条如何能够对人的思想以及通过它们而来的历史事件施加如此强力而持久的影响。(《放任自由的终结》)
原文:Marxian Socialism must always remain a portent to the historians of Opinion — how a doctrine so illogical and so dull can have exercised so powerful and enduring an influence over the minds of men, and, through them, the events of history.
  • 无论是正确的还是错误的,经济学家和政治哲学家的思想都比通常理解的有力。确实,世界不受其他任何事物统治。自信不被知识分子影响的那些所谓务实的人,往往只是几个过时经济学家思想的奴隶。(Concluding Notes. p. 383-384)
原文:The ideas of economists and political philosophers, both when they are right and when they are wrong, are more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed the world is ruled by little else. Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influence, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist.

无原文[编辑]

  • 投资是预测资产未来收益的活动,而投机是预测市场心理的活动。




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